Major Facts of
Ethiopia is located at the Horn of Africa or North East of Africa.
1,104,300Km Square, 60% of the total area is arable land, of which 15% presently cultivated and around 7,500Km Square water body.
Relative Area. Ethiopia is five times the area of United Kingdom or New Zealand. It is the 10th largest country in Africa.
Border countries. Kenya, the Sudan, Djibouti, Eritrea, Somali and South Sudan
Capital City. Addis Ababa /meaning new flower by the national language Amharic /.It is the third highest capital city in the world having average elevation 2,400meters above sea level.
Geography/Topography. The landscape of Ethiopia is dominated by volcanically formed highlands, more than 25 mountain peaks rises 4000 meters [13,123 foot]. These highlands are bisected by the Great East African Rift Valley which starts at the Read Sea and continue through the Danakil Depression[a desert area in the country contains one of the lowest point in the world having 116 meters below sea level]. Ethiopia has numerous rivers rises from different highlands of the country. The best known of these rivers is Blue Nile that flows in to Egypt’s Nile Valley. The country also has different types of lakes volcanic creator lakes, Rift Valley Lakes, and highland lakes. Lake Tana is the largest lake in the country and the 4th largest lake in the in Africa.
Climate. Generally, there are two seasons, the dry season, which prevails from October to May, and the wet season which runs from June to September. Even in the wet season, however, it rarely rains for a full day, and traveling is usually quite pleasant.
History. Ethiopia is old beyond imagination. It is a country having more than 3000 year’s old history. According to recent archaeological findings the age stretched back to some 4.4 million years when the oldest human ancestor ever found in the country.
People and Culture. The population is estimated more than 90 million. This makes the second populous country in Africa next to Nigeria. Ethiopia is home to more than 83 tribes with adorable and mosaic multi-cultures.
Language. Amharic is the official language of the country with its unique alphabet and more than 70 language spoken in the country. The language in Ethiopia divided into Semitic, Cushitic, Nilotic and Omotic family.
Religion the major religions in Ethiopia are Christianity and Islam.
Economy. Agriculture is the major economic sector of the country and about 85% of the population income from Agriculture. By traditional methods agriculture, including cultivation of crops and raising of livestock, is the most characteristic form of Ethiopian economic activity. Generally agriculture accounts for the major GDP of the country.
Commercial estates supply coffee, cotton, sugar, fruit, and vegetables to the nation’s processing industries and for export. Legumes and oilseeds are also grown on a commercial scale. The most important food crops grown primarily for local consumption are cereal grains such as Teff, wheat, corn, and sorghum. Ethiopian herders raise cattle, sheep, goats, and fowl.
Natural Resource. The fundamental natural resources of Ethiopia are primarily agricultural. The plateau area is fertile and largely undeveloped. The wide range of soils, climate, and elevations permits the production of a diversified range of agricultural commodities. A variety of mineral deposits exists, like iron, copper, petroleum, salt, potash, gold, and platinum are the principal ones that have been commercially exploited and gas production soon to be commenced.
Governing System. Federal Democratic Republic System
Currency and Regulation. The Ethiopian currency Birr notes are 1 birr, 5 birr, 10 birr, 50 birr and 100 birr. The exchange rate approximately is 1 USD equivalent to 21 Birr.
Calendar and Time. Ethiopia follows the Julian calendar which is seven years and eight months behind the Gregorian [European] calendar.
Ethiopia is three hours ahead of the Greenwich Mean Time [GMT t 3-time zoon].
Communication Telephone, Fax, Internet, Email, and Postal facilities are available in the country. Internet services are available in major cities and towns only.